[Home] [About] [Mobile version]
Welcome to PharmCalc.com - The Android app is now here! - please read Disclaimer
References ranges - biochemistry, haematology, lipids, proteins, coagulation
  Reference Ranges  

Biochemistry

ALT (Alanine aminotransferase) 5 - 40 U/L
Albumin 25 - 50 g/L
ALP (Alkaline Phosphatase) 39 - 117 U/L
Amylase 25 - 125 U/L
AST (Aspartate aminotransferase) 12 - 40 U/L
Bicarbonate 22 - 30 mmol/L
Bilirubin < 17 μmol/L
Calcium 2.20 - 2.67 mmol/L
Chloride 98 - 106 mmol/L
CRP (C-Reactive Protein) <10 mg/L
Creatinine 79 - 118 μmol/L
Creatinine Kinase
- Male
- Female

24 - 170 U/L
24 - 195 U/L
Ferritin
- Male
- Female
- Postmenopausal

20 - 260 μg/L
6 - 110 μg/L
12 - 230 μg/L
a-Fetoprotein <10 kU/L
Glucose
-Fasting

4.5 - 5.6 mmol/L
γ-GT (Glutamyl transpeptidase)
- Male
- Female
11 - 58  U/L
7 - 32  U/L
HbA1c (Gglycoslyated Haemoglobin) 3.7 - 5.1%
Iron 13 - 32 μmol/L
Magnesium 0.7 - 1.1 mmol/L
Osmolality 275 - 295 mOsm/kg
Phosphate 0.8 - 1.5 mmol/L
Potassium 3.5 - 5.0
PSA (Prostate-specific antigen) <4.0 μg/L
Protein (total) 62 - 77 g/L
Sodium 135 - 146 mmol/L
Urate 0.18 - 0.42 mmol/L
Urea 8 - 25 mg/dL


Lipids

Cholesterol 3.5 - 6.5 mmol/L
(ideally < 5.2)
HDL Cholesterol
- Male
- Female

0.8 - 1.8 mmol/L
1.0 - 2.3 mmol/L
LDL Cholesterol < 4.0 mmol/L
Triglycerides
- Male
- Female

0.70 - 2.1 mmol/L
0.50 - 1.70 mmol/L

Haematology

Haemoglobin
- Male
- Female

13.5 - 17.7 g/dL
11.5 - 16.5 g/dL
MCH (Mean corpuscal Haemoglobin) 27 - 33 pg
MCHC (Mean corpuscal Haemoglobin concentration) 32 - 36 g/dL
MCV (Mean corpuscle volume) 80 - 96 fL
Packed cell volume (PCV)
- Male
- Female

0.40 - 0.54 L/L
0.37 - 0.47 L/L
WBC (White blood count)
- Basophil
- Eosinophil
- Lymphocytes
- Monocytes
- Neutrophil granulocytes
4 - 11 x 109/L
0.01 - 0.1 x 109/L
0.04 - 0.4 x 109/L
1.5 - 4.0 x 109/L
0.2 - 0.8 x 109/L
2.0 - 7.5
Platelet count 150 - 400
Serum B12 160 - 925
Serum Folate 2.9 - 18 μg/L
Red cell folate 149 - 640 μg/L
Red cell mass
- Male
- Female

25 - 35 mL/kg
20 - 30 mL/kg
Reticulocyte count 0.5 - 2.5%
ESR (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate) <20 min in 1 hr


Coagulation

Bleeding time (Ivy method) 3 - 9 min
APTT (Activated prothrombin time) 23 - 31 s
PT (Prothrombin time) 12 - 16 s
INR (International Normalised ratio) 1.0 - 1.3
D-dimer <500 ng/mL

 

Notes

 

References
1. Kumar, P. and Clark, M., eds. (2005). Clinical Medicine. 4th ed. Edinburgh : Elsevier Saunders.

Copyright 2006-2010 Jamie Alnasir, all rights reserved